The Eurasian Patent Organization (EAPO) is an intergovernmental organization, established in accordance with the Eurasian Patent Convention (EAPC), intended to regulate the grant of a Eurasian patent.
The Eurasian Patent Organization has two bodies: the Eurasian Patent Office and the Administrative Council.
The headquarters of the EAPO located in Moscow, Russia.
EAPO Member states are Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russian Federation, Tajikistan, and Turkmenistan.
Eurasian patent system provides a uniform application procedure for physical and legal persons to protect their inventions on the basis of a single Eurasian patent valid in the territory of eight member states.
Eurasian patents are granted for inventions created in all fields of science, technology, and economy.
EAPO provides the possibility of entering into the national (regional) phase under PCT procedure.
Patent procedure contains several stages, namely:
1. Drafting and Filing a Eurasian application
To obtain a Eurasian patent with validity in all the Organization’s member states only one Eurasian application is filed. Eurasian application can be filed in any language with further submission of translation into Russian within 4 months.
2. Patent search
The Eurasian Patent Organization conducts a worldwide patent search. If specialists have questions or require additional documents, they send a request or notifications, for which it is necessary to prepare an answer and send it back. This procedure can be repeated several times.
3. Granting a patent
According to the results of a patent search and consideration of documents within the framework of the substantive examination, a decision is made to grant a patent or refuse. The fee must be paid for the grant of a patent
The term for consideration of applications before granting takes on average 12-24 months.
After obtaining a patent, it is necessary to pay maintance fees in certain countries. Further duties are paid annually.
Term of the Eurasian Patent is 20 years from the filing date of the Eurasian application.
The Eurasian Patent Procedure advantages:
– filing one application, instead of filing the separate ones to the national Patent Offices;
– one representative for all steps during the procedure;
– patent application in one language that helps to reduce translation costs;
– one examination procedure that enables to save time and money;
– legal protection covering a large region;
– after granting of the patent it has not to be validated by national authorities;
– a simplified procedure of paying annual fees for different states through the single EAPO account.
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