On December 29, 2020, the President of Belarus signed the Decree “On the traceability of goods”, which is aimed at implementing an agreement on the mechanism of traceability of goods imported into the customs territory of the Eurasian Economic Union.

The document provides for the creation of a national system of information traceability of goods produced in the country, as well as exported and imported goods. It is planned that this will contribute to increasing the transparency of goods turnover and the development of fair competition, including when exporting goods to the markets of the EAEU member states.

The system will be implemented on the basis of compulsory filing by business entities of electronic invoices for the circulation of certain groups of goods. Lists of such goods will be determined by the government.

The collection of the necessary information into the traceability system will be carried out from three sources – the State Customs Committee, business entities, and operators of electronic document management (EDI-providers).

In particular, when carrying out transactions related to the turnover of traceable goods, business entities must file electronic invoices and transmit them through EDI-providers certified in Belarus. EDI-providers are obliged to check incoming electronic invoices containing information about traceable goods for the presence of the declared amount of goods moved by the business entity, with the information available in the traceability system, and also transfer the created electronic invoices to the specified system.

Earlier, Russia decided to create a national products traceability system in 2021.