On March 24, 2021, Russian President Vladimir Putin signed a law establishing responsibility for selling gadgets without Russian software pre-installed.

The punishment for officials will be from 30 to 50 thousand rubles ($400-680), for companies – from 50 to 200 thousand rubles ($680-2700).

These rules will come into force on July 1, 2021.

From April 1, 2021, electronics manufacturers are required to pre-install 16 classes of programs developed by Russian companies – on smartphones, tablets, TVs with Smart TV function, laptops, and personal computers.

Among such software are browsers, search and navigation systems, mail services and instant messengers, antivirus programs, and others.

Earlier, the Ministry of Digital Development, Communications, and Mass Media completed the processing of applications from software manufacturers and prepared a list of domestic applications that are recommended for pre-installation on electronic devices. The list includes a browser, search and navigation system by Yandex, e-mail and news aggregator Mail.ru, Kaspersky antivirus, “My Office” and other products. Also, the application “State Services” and the payment system “Mir” should be available on electronic devices.